Effect of Whole-body Vibration on Depression, Anxiety, Stress, and Quality of Life in College Students: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Author: Geetanjli Chawla1, Muhammad Azharuddin1, Irshad Ahmad2, M Ejaz Hussain3
1 Centre for Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Sciences, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India.
2 Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Manav Rachna International Institute of Research and Studies, Haryana, India.
3 Faculty of Allied Health Sciences and Physiotherapy,Shree Guru Gobind Singh Tricentenary, University, Haryana, India.
Conference/Journal: Oman Med J
Date published: 2022 Jul 31
Other: Volume ID: 37 , Issue ID: 4 , Pages: e408 , Special Notes: doi: 10.5001/omj.2022.72. , Word Count: 204

To determine the effects of whole-body vibration (WBV) training on depression, anxiety, stress, and quality of life (QoL) in college students.

The participants comprised college students who led physically inactive lifestyles as revealed by their Medical Outcomes Study Form 36 (SF-36) scores, and with elevated scores of Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS) test. They were randomly allocated to two groups of 15 each: (a) the WBV group (male = 3, female = 12) and (b) the exercise group (male = 6, female = 9). The participants in the WBV group performed prescribed exercises while they stood on a vibrating platform whereas those in the exercise group performed the same exercises but without the vibrating platform. After four weeks of twice-a-week training, DASS and SF-36 were measured. The pre- and post-scores were compared between the groups.

Depression (p < 0.001), anxiety (p < 0.001), and stress (p < 0.001) were found to reduce significantly for the WBV group compared to the exercise group. There was also significant within-group improvement in all the components of SF-36 (p < 0.040).

Exercising on the WBV platform may reduce depression, anxiety, and stress in college students and improve their overall QoL.

Keywords: Depression; Exercise, Physical; India; Mental Health; Quality of Life; Vibration; Young Adult.

PMID: 36052109 PMCID: PMC9396709 DOI: 10.5001/omj.2022.72