Author: Xiaofei Zhang1, Jie Bao1, Haoping Yang1, Zonghao Zhang1, Deming Shu2, Li Luo1
1 School of Physical Education and Sports Science, Soochow University, Suzhou 215021, China.
2 School of Education, Soochow University, Suzhou 215023, China.
Conference/Journal: Healthcare (Basel)
Date published: 2022 Aug 7
Other: Volume ID: 10 , Issue ID: 8 , Pages: 1486 , Special Notes: doi: 10.3390/healthcare10081486. , Word Count: 203
Both tai chi and walking can improve the physical health of the elderly, but the effect on the emotional cognitive function of the elderly is unclear. To investigate the effect of long-term walking and tai chi exercise on the emotional cognitive function of the elderly, 63 subjects were recruited in this study according to age and exercise habits, including 16 in the youth control group, 15 in the elderly non-exercise control group, 17 in the elderly walking group, and 18 in the elderly tai chi group. The "learning-test paradigm" of emotional faces was used to measure the subjects' ability to recognize and remember emotional (negative and neutral) faces. Behavioral and EEG data were recorded during the learning and testing phases. The results showed that there is aging in emotional cognition in older adults compared with younger adults. Long-term walking and tai chi exercise can delay the deterioration of emotional cognitive function in older adults to some extent. Both walking and tai chi exercise can delay the decline in aging-related emotional face recognition function to some extent. Walking exercise can delay the decline in aging-related emotional face memory function to some extent.
Keywords: aging; emotional face; event-related potential; memory; recognition; tai chi exercise; walking.
PMID: 36011142 PMCID: PMC9407806 DOI: 10.3390/healthcare10081486