Author: Carolin Wolters1, Alexander L Gerlach1, Anna Pohl1
1 Department of Psychology, Institute of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.
Conference/Journal: PLoS One
Date published: 2022 Aug 18
Other: Volume ID: 17 , Issue ID: 8 , Pages: e0271717 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0271717. , Word Count: 143
Somatic symptom disorder, illness anxiety disorder, and functional syndromes are characterized by burdensome preoccupation with somatic symptoms. Etiological models propose either increased interoceptive accuracy through hypervigilance to the body, or decreased and biased interoception through top-down predictions about sensory events. This systematic review and meta-analysis summarizes findings of 68 studies examining interoceptive accuracy and 8 studies examining response biases in clinical or non-clinical groups. Analyses yielded a medium population effect size for decreased interoceptive accuracy in functional syndromes, but no observable effect in somatic symptom disorder and illness anxiety disorder. The overall effect size was highly heterogeneous. Regarding response bias, there was a small significant effect in somatic symptom disorder and illness anxiety disorder. Our findings strengthen the notion of top-down factors that result in biased rather than accurate perception of body signals in somatic symptom disorder and illness anxiety disorder.
PMID: 35980959 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0271717