Complementary and alternative medicine for glycemic control of diabetes mellitus: A systematic review

Author: Erni Setiyorini1, Mochammad Bagus Qomaruddin1, Sony Wibisono2, Titik Juwariah3, Anggi Setyowati4, Ning Arti Wulandari5, Yeni Kartika Sari5, Levi Tina Sari5
1 Public Health Faculty, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia.
2 Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia.
3 Ganesha Husada College of Health, Kediri, Indonesia.
4 School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, Banjarbaru, Indonesia.
5 Patria Husada College of Health, Blitar, Indonesia.
Conference/Journal: J Public Health Res
Date published: 2022 Jul 8
Other: Volume ID: 11 , Issue ID: 3 , Pages: 22799036221106582 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1177/22799036221106582. , Word Count: 233

The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is increasingly popular for the management of diabetes mellitus (DM). The aim of this study was to conduct systematic review of any types of complementary and alternative medicine for glycemic control of diabetes mellitus. Four databases was used in this study, the CINAHL, PUBMED, SCOPUS, and ProQUEST. The systematic review were reported according to the PRISMA guidelines. The keywords were used according to medical subject headings (MeSH) in this study were diabetes mellitus AND complementary and alternative medicine AND blood glucose levels or blood sugar or blood glucose. Articles were limited to 2015-2021 and only in English language. We obtained 231 articles from these databases: CINAHL six articles, PUBMED 85 articles, SCOPUS 66 articles, PROQUEST 74 articles. Then, the final results recorded 17 articles. The results of a systematic review showed the effectiveness of natural products as CAM for glycemic control of DM, namely Berberis aristata/Silybum marianum, fenugreek seed, bitter melon, cinnamon or whortleberry supplements, a combination of herbal plants (C. spinosa, R. canina, and S. securigera), Nigella sativa, Mulberry juice, chicory, chamomile tea, and bell pepper juice combined with an integrated approach of yoga therapy. Mind body practices such as auditory guided imagery (AGI), qigong and tai chi exercises, and relaxation. Whole system approach, such as acupressure. Health care providers consider CAM for DM management.

Keywords: Complementary and alternative medicine; diabetes mellitus; systematic review.

PMID: 35911428 PMCID: PMC9335474 DOI: 10.1177/22799036221106582