The effectiveness of mindfulness-based meditation treatments for late life anxiety: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials

Author: Stacey Hatch1, Jodi Webber1, Soham Rej2, Marcia Finlayson1, Dorothy Kessler1
1 Aging and Health Program, School of Rehabilitation Therapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada.
2 Department of Psychiatry, Lady Davis Institute/Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montréal, QC, Canada.
Conference/Journal: Aging Ment Health
Date published: 2022 Jul 31
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.1080/13607863.2022.2102140. , Word Count: 184

Older adults are interested in mindfulness-based interventions with a meditation component for late life anxiety. This review examined the effectiveness of existing mindfulness-based interventions with a meditation component.

This systematic review was registered with the Joanna Briggs Institute on 2021-05-17, was guided by Joanna Briggs Institute methodology and followed the PRISMA framework. Peer-reviewed randomized control trials were reviewed. A systematic literature search was conducted, using the following databases: MEDLINE (Ovid), Embase, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, PsycINFO, CINAHL (EBSCO), and AMED.

Of 2709 studies screened, seven eligible randomized controlled trials were included representing 355 participants. Sample sizes ranged from 36 to 141. Mindfulness-based meditation interventions used varied. Regardless of the mindfulness-based meditation intervention used, a reduction in symptoms of anxiety in participants was reported post-intervention. Results are reported through narrative summary and tables.

Based on the emerging literature of randomized controlled trials, mindfulness-based interventions with a meditation component appear to be promising in reducing symptoms of anxiety in older adults. These findings demonstrate a need for further randomized controlled trials to guide clinical practice.

Keywords: Aging; anxiety; mental health; mindfulness-based interventions.

PMID: 35912637 DOI: 10.1080/13607863.2022.2102140