Author: Zhiming Tang1, Zhicheng Zhu1, Xia Zhang2, Ying He1
1 Chegndu Sport University, Chegndu, China.
2 Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, China.
Conference/Journal: Hong Kong J Occup Ther
Date published: 2022 Jun 1
Other: Volume ID: 35 , Issue ID: 1 , Pages: 25-34 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1177/15691861221090551. , Word Count: 247
Objective: To evaluate the effect of Tai Chi (TC) and Baduanjin (Bdj) activities on the physical intervention of compulsory segregation drug addicts through a meta-analysis system. Methods: Six commonly used databases were searched by computer to collect publicly available studies on the physical interventions of TC and Bdj activities for drug addicts from the time of database construction to May 2021. Two researchers independently screened the literature according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, jointly extracted the data, and evaluated the quality of the literature, and conducted Meta-analysis using RevMan 5.4 software. Results: A total of 16 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from 15 publications were included. Meta-analysis indicate that compared with the control group, TC and Bdj had significant effects on blood pressure, lung capacity, heart rate, closed-eye single-leg stand, and seated forward bending in drug addicts, as evidenced by: systolic pressure MD=-4.66, 95%CI = [-7.94, -1.39], p = .005; diastolic pressure MD = -3.49, 95%CI=[-5.45, -1.52], p = .0005; spirometry MD = 12.68, 95%CI = [43.83, 197.52], p = .002; heart rate MD = -2.78, 95%CI = [4.76, -.8], p = .006; MD = 1.47, 95%CI = [6.1, 14.84], p < .00,001 for one-leg stand with eyes closed, MD = 3.08, 95%CI = [1.8, 4.36], p < .00,001 for seated forward bend; however, the effect of TC and Bdj on BMI MD = .01, 95%CI = [-.54, .56], p = .97; grip strength MD = .68, 95%CI = [-.99, 2.34], p = .43; body fat percentage MD = .04, 95%CI = [-.59,.67], p = .91 had no effect. Conclusions: Tai Chi and Bdj can improve the cardiovascular system, cardiorespiratory fitness, balance, and body flexibility of drug addicts better than conventional rehabilitation.
Keywords: Tai Chi and Baduanjin; drug addicts; meta-analysis; physical intervention.
PMID: 35847183 PMCID: PMC9279879 DOI: 10.1177/15691861221090551