Author: Xiaoyan Dong1, Xiaofan Hu1, Biqing Chen2
1 NingboTech University, Zhejiang, Ningbo 315100, China.
2 Jinhua Polytechnic, Zhejiang, Jinghua 321000, China.
Conference/Journal: Comput Intell Neurosci
Date published: 2022 Jun 17
Other: Volume ID: 2022 , Pages: 2586716 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1155/2022/2586716. , Word Count: 489
In order to explore the kinematics and muscle force characteristics of competitive Taijiquan arm manipulation, and solve the problems of arm trajectory and control in the process of manipulation, this study puts forward the sports biomechanical analysis of arm manipulation in competitive Taijiquan. The technical characteristics and muscle force characteristics of 15 athletes from the competitive Taijiquan team of Xi'an Institute of physical education were studied. Use Excel 2007 and SPSS17.0 to statistically analyze and process the original data. According to the actual needs, the data indicators are summarized. The combined movements of competitive Taijiquan arm manipulation are captured through high-speed photography, and the kinematic data are statistically analyzed, mainly from the two aspects of action amplitude change and action braking. The results show the action track length, relative track length, and action track length of each plane of the two combined hands. The order of the two combined action tracks is: combination 1 > combination 2, in which the action track in the sagittal plane is the longest in combination 1, and it can also be considered that the motion amplitude in the sagittal plane is the largest in combination 1. The average acceleration of group A in the first beat is 0.51 m/s2 smaller than that of group B, and the value is 0.22 m/s2 smaller. Therefore, the deceleration of group A is larger than that of group B, and the braking capacity of group A is slightly stronger than that of group B. In the second beat, the average acceleration of group B is 1.5722 m/s2 larger than that of group A, and the value is 0.210 m/s2 larger. The average acceleration of group A in the third, fourth, fifth, and sixth beats is 0.9, 3.728, 0.57, and 0.837 m/s2 smaller than that of group B, and the values are 0.466, 0.174, 0.250, and 0.003 m/s2 smaller, indicating that the braking capacity of group A in the third, fourth, fifth, sixth, and eighth beats is slightly stronger than that of group B. In the braking of each beat in combination 1 and combination 2 of group AB, the braking ability of arm manipulation of group A is stronger than that of group B. In competitive Taijiquan, the movement techniques of manipulation include: bouncing technology, braking technology, and control technology. For arm manipulation, athletes should have the ability of "braking" technology. In the correlation analysis of movement track length, RMS and I EMG, the score of athletes in group A is high, and there is no correlation between movement track length and RMS. There is a significant correlation between RMS and movement track length in group B, and the correlation degree is moderate. This shows that when the movement of group B athletes is completed, the muscles are in a state of tension, the movement skills are not mastered well, and the energy saving is not achieved. During training, we should pay more attention to the proprioception of muscles and form a correct way of muscle exertion.
PMID: 35755753 PMCID: PMC9232327 DOI: 10.1155/2022/2586716