Ultrasound Computed Tomography

Author: Philippe Lasaygues1, Luis Espinosa2,3, Simon Bernard2,4, Philippe Petit5, Régine Guillermin2
1 Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, Centrale Marseille, LMA, Marseille, France. lasaygues@lma.cnrs-mrs.fr.
2 Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, Centrale Marseille, LMA, Marseille, France.
3 University Toulouse 3 - Paul Sabatier, Institut Clément Ader, Tarbes, France.
4 University of Le Havre, CNRS, LOMC, Le Havre, France.
5 Department of Pediatric and Prenatal Radiology, Timone's Children-Hospital, Marseille, France.
Conference/Journal: Adv Exp Med Biol
Date published: 2022 May 9
Other: Volume ID: 1364 , Pages: 227-250 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-91979-5_11. , Word Count: 206

This chapter presents theoretical, numerical, and experimental frameworks for the use of Ultrasound Computed Tomography (USCT) for cortical bone tissue imaging. Most of the research conducted on this topic concerns adult bone, although some work presented in this chapter is specific to the study of child bone. USCT is recognized as a powerful method for soft tissue imaging. In bone imaging, the difficulties arise from the very high impedance contrast between tissues which alters the propagation of the ultrasonic waves and limits the linear inversion algorithms used. Solutions consist in optimally assessing non-linear effects in an iterative approach aiming at local linearization. When the problem can be reduced to the study of a fluid-like cavity buried in an elastic cylinder surrounded by water, the signal processing and/or compound algorithms can be added as an extension to the linear algorithms. The main limitation of these methods is the heavy experimental costs involved. We have then suggested the introduction of purely numerical non-linear full-waveform inversion algorithms. The performances and the limitations of these linear and non-linear methods applied to cortical bone tissue imaging problems are overviewed and discussed.

Keywords: Adapted inversion scheme; Cortical bone shell; Full waveform inversion; Ultrasound computed tomography.

PMID: 35508878 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-91979-5_11