Enhancing Subjective Well-Being Through Qigong: A Randomized Controlled Trial in Older Adults in Hong Kong With Chronic Physical Illness

Author: Shuhe Cai, Hector W H Tsang, Erin Yiqing Lu, Maria Kwan Wa Leung, Damian Chi Hong Siu, Shuk Yun Leung, Frederick Lap Yan Au, Wai Ming Cheung, Mark P Jensen
Conference/Journal: Altern Ther Health Med
Date published: 2022 Feb 9
Other: Word Count: 287

Eight-section Brocades, a qigong protocol, has been shown to reduce depressive symptoms in older adults with chronic physical illness, but its positive effects on quality of life, such as subjective well-being, aren't known.

This study intended to evaluate the efficacy of qigong for increasing subjective well-being in older adults with chronic physical illness.

A randomized controlled trial was conducted.

A governmental family clinic in Hong Kong.

Participants were 47 older adults, 19 males and 28 females, with chronic physical illness.

Participants were randomly assigned to an Eight-section Brocades group (n = 25) or a cognitive training group (n = 22). The groups received 12 weeks of the Eight-section Brocades intervention or of cognitive training, respectively.

Outcome measures:
The primary outcome-subjective well-being-and the secondary outcomes-functional independence, sleep quality, mobility, and hand grip strength-were assessed at baseline, postintervention, and at a one-month follow-up.

No significant between-group differences were observed in improvements in subjective well-being or any of the secondary outcomes. Significant improvements in subjective sleep quality and decreases in daytime dysfunction over time were reported by participants in both groups.

The findings didn't support 12 weeks of Eight-section Brocades qigong as an effective treatment to enhance the subjective well-being of older adults with chronic physical illness. These null findings may be due to the possibilities that: (1) the treatment may have minimal effects on positive psychology outcomes; (2) the primary outcome measure showed possible ceiling effects for the groups; (3) the current study used an active control condition that may have had more benefits than the control conditions used in previous studies; (4) the current study may have been underpowered; (5) more than 12 weeks (24 sessions) of qigong may be required to impact well-being; or (6) some combination of these factors may have affected the results.

PMID: 35139488