Author: Zachary L Mannes1,2, Malki Stohl2, David S Fink2, Mark Olfson3, Katherine M Keyes1, Silvia S Martins1, Jaimie L Gradus4,5, Andrew J Saxon6,7, Charles Maynard6,7, Ofir Livne1,2, Sarah Gutkind1, Deborah S Hasin8,9,10
1 Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY, USA.
2 New York State Psychiatric Institute, 1051 Riverside Drive, Box 123, New York, NY, 10032, USA.
3 Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.
4 Department of Epidemiology, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.
5 Department of Psychiatry, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.
6 Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA, USA.
7 VA Puget Sound Healthcare System, Seattle, WA, USA.
8 Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY, USA. email@example.com.
9 New York State Psychiatric Institute, 1051 Riverside Drive, Box 123, New York, NY, 10032, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org.
10 Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY, USA. email@example.com.
Conference/Journal: J Gen Intern Med
Date published: 2022 Jan 19
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.1007/s11606-021-07370-8. , Word Count: 318
Consensus guidelines recommend multimodal chronic pain treatment with increased use of non-pharmacological treatment modalities (NPM), including as first-line therapies. However, with many barriers to NPM uptake in US healthcare systems, NPM use may vary across medical care settings. Military veterans are disproportionately affected by chronic pain. Many veterans receive treatment through the Veterans Health Administration (VHA), an integrated healthcare system in which specific policies promote NPM use.
To examine whether veterans with chronic pain who utilize VHA healthcare were more likely to use NPM than veterans who do not utilize VHA healthcare.
Cross-sectional nationally representative study.
US military veterans (N = 2,836).
In the 2019 National Health Interview Survey, veterans were assessed for VHA treatment, chronic pain (i.e., past 3-month daily or almost daily pain), symptoms of depression and anxiety, substance use, and NPM (i.e., physical therapy, chiropractic/spinal manipulation, massage, psychotherapy, educational class/workshop, peer support groups, or yoga/tai chi).
Chronic pain (45.2% vs. 26.8%) and NPM use (49.8% vs. 39.4%) were more prevalent among VHA patients than non-VHA veterans. After adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics, psychiatric symptoms, physical health indicators, and use of cigarettes or prescription opioids, VHA patients were more likely than non-VHA veterans to use any NPM (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.52, 95% CI: 1.07-2.16) and multimodal NPM (aOR = 1.80, 95% CI: 1.12-2.87) than no NPM. Among veterans with chronic pain, VHA patients were more likely to use chiropractic care (aOR = 1.90, 95% CI = 1.12-3.22), educational class/workshop (aOR = 3.02, 95% CI = 1.35-6.73), or psychotherapy (aOR = 4.28, 95% CI = 1.69-10.87).
Among veterans with chronic pain, past-year VHA use was associated with greater likelihood of receiving NPM. These findings may suggest that the VHA is an important resource and possible facilitator of NPM. VHA policies may offer guidance for expanding use of NPM in other integrated US healthcare systems.
Keywords: Veterans Health Administration; chronic pain; military veterans; non-pharmacological pain treatment; prescription opioid use.
PMID: 35048300 PMCID: PMC8769678 DOI: 10.1007/s11606-021-07370-8