Effects of Sports Public Goods on the Health of the Elderly: Empirical Evidence from China

Author: Zhankun Wang1, Guojiang Wei2
1 Faculty of Physical Education, Ningbo University, Ningbo City, Zhejiang Province, China.
2 School of Economics, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou City, Fujian Province, China.
Conference/Journal: Soc Work Public Health
Date published: 2022 Jan 10
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.1080/19371918.2021.2017379. , Word Count: 246

Sports public service can promote the elderly to participate in sport exercises and have a positive impact on health of the elderly. The aim of this study was to identify the effect of sport public service on the health and to study the meditation effect of physical activity. We conducted a questionnaire survey on sports public service and the health of the elderly in China, and established a mediation effect model to measure the impact of five categories of sports public service on the health of the elderly. The final sample comprised 1089 older adults (548 males and 541 females). Cronbach's α was over 0.7. Sport public service have positive effect on the health of the elderly, but they have meditation effect on both frequency and duration of physical exercise of the elderly. Among which the instruction of physical activity and service of sport exercises are the most significant factors. Sports public service for the elderly in China are not well balanced both in regions and among people, with more goods in towns and cities but less in rural areas. This study clarifies the impact of sports public service on the health of the elderly, and empirically analyses its meditation effect on physical exercise of the elderly. It is emphasized that the provision of sports public service in China is not to build sports facilities, but to provide more instruction and sports public services for residents physical exercise.

Keywords: Sports public service; health; mediation effects; suppression effect; the elderly.

PMID: 35007189 DOI: 10.1080/19371918.2021.2017379