Meta-Analysis of the Effect of Yoga Practice on Physical Fitness in the Elderly

Author: Sohee Shin1
1 School of Sport and Exercise Science, University of Ulsan, 93 Daehak-ro, Nam-gu, Ulsan 44610, Korea.
Conference/Journal: Int J Environ Res Public Health
Date published: 2021 Nov 6
Other: Volume ID: 18 , Issue ID: 21 , Pages: 11663 , Special Notes: doi: 10.3390/ijerph182111663. , Word Count: 153

The purpose of this study was to meta-analyze the effects of yoga intervention on physical fitness in the elderly. The following databases were systematically searched in 25 March 2021: Cochrane, PubMed and Embase. A total of 656 papers was identified through key word combinations, finally, 12 studies were included in the meta-analysis. The main conclusions are as follows. First, yoga practice showed moderately positive effects on muscle strength, balance, mobility, and lower body flexibility, but had no significant effect on cardiorespiratory endurance and upper body flexibility. Second, sub-group analysis showed that subjects in their 60s and 70s and yoga practice for 9-12 weeks had a large positive effect on physical fitness. Yoga is a multimodal activity that improves muscle strength, balance, and flexibility in the elderly, and physical activity policies should continue to promote yoga as an activity that enhances physical and mental wellbeing in this population.

Keywords: physical fitness; the elderly; yoga intervention.

PMID: 34770176 DOI: 10.3390/ijerph182111663