Mind-Body Interventions in Patients With Heart Failure: State of the Science

Author: Wanich Suksatan1,2, Thitipong Tankumpuan3
1 Faculty of Nursing, 511652HRH Princess Chulabhorn College of Medical Science, Bangkok, Thailand.
2 Trudy Busch-Valentine School of Nursing, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, MO, USA.
3 Faculty of Nursing, 65105Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.
Conference/Journal: J Appl Gerontol
Date published: 2021 Oct 31
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.1177/07334648211053000. , Word Count: 158

Complementary and alternative medicine are broadly considered mind-body interventions (MBIs) that support physical and mental wellness in patients with heart failure (HF). The aims of this review were to integrate and summarize current evidence from MBIs in patients with HF and to identify gaps for future research. We used PRISMA guideline and conducted a literature search through six databases. Fifteen publications met the criteria, published between 2013 and 2021. This review stipulated that MBIs included yoga, Tai Chi, meditation, reflexology, massage, relaxation, and breathing interventions. The findings emphasized that MBIs could reduce physical and psychological symptoms and improve health outcomes in patients with HF. MBIs had encouraging results for patients with HF on selected physiological and behavioral outcomes. Despite the early state of the evidence in this field, it seems that MBIs will play an essential role in the future for alleviating the symptoms of patients with HF.

Keywords: complementary and alternative medicine; heart failure; mind–body intervention.

PMID: 34719969 DOI: 10.1177/07334648211053000