The Effects of Qigong for Hypertension: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Author: Xiaosheng Dong1, Zhenguo Shi1, Meng Ding2, Xiangren Yi1
1 Department of Sport and Health, School of Physical Education, Shandong University, Jinan 250061, China.
2 College of Physical Education, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014, China.
Conference/Journal: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med
Date published: 2021 Oct 8
Other: Volume ID: 2021 , Pages: 5622631 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1155/2021/5622631. , Word Count: 195

Hypertension has been a global public health problem. Qigong as a complementary and alternative therapy is often used to reduce blood pressure. The aim of this meta-analysis was to investigate the effects of Qigong on blood pressure in hypertensive patients.

Six electronic resource databases were searched from inception to January 2019, and randomized controlled trials of Qigong on hypertension were retrieved. Meta-analysis was conducted according to the guidelines of the Cochrane Collaboration, and Review Manager 5.3 was applied. Two researchers independently identified articles to include based on inclusion/exclusion criteria, data extraction, and quality evaluation.

Fourteen studies, with 829 individuals, were included. The meta-analysis demonstrates that, compared with no exercise, Qigong has significant positive effects on systolic blood pressure (mean difference = -8.90, 95% CI (-12.13, -5.67), P < 0.00001) and diastolic blood pressure (mean difference = -5.02, 95% CI (-7.88, -2.17), P < 0.00001). There is, however, no significant difference between Qigong and other aerobic exercises in reducing blood pressure.

Qigong can effectively reduce blood pressure levels. Longer-term engagement in the practice has an even better effect in hypertension patients. However, the conclusion of this study still needs to be verified by more high-quality studies.

PMID: 34659434 PMCID: PMC8519725 DOI: 10.1155/2021/5622631