The detrimental effect of cell phone radiation on sperm biological characteristics in normozoospermic

Author: Mohammadmehdi Hassanzadeh-Taheri1,2, Mohammad Ali Khalili3, Ali Hosseininejad Mohebati4, Mahmood Zardast5, Mehran Hosseini1,2, Maria Grazia Palmerini6, Mohammad Reza Doostabadi1,3,7
1 Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.
2 Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.
3 Research, and Clinical Center for Infertility, Yazd Reproductive Sciences Institute, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
4 Legal Medicine Research Center, Legal Medicine Organization, Tehran, Iran.
5 Department of Pathology, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.
6 Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences, University of L'Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy.
7 Royesh Infertility Center, Birjand University of Medical Science, Birjand, Iran.
Conference/Journal: Andrologia
Date published: 2021 Oct 10
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.1111/and.14257. , Word Count: 211

Radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation emitted from cell phone has harmful effects on some organs of the body, such as the brain, heart, and testes. This study aimed to assess the effects of cell phones on sperm parameters, DNA fragmentation, and apoptosis in normozoospermic. Normal sperm samples were divided into two groups of control and case. The samples from the case were placed for 60 min at a distance of approximately 2.5 cm from the cell phone set in the active antenna position. Control samples were exposed to cell phones without active antennas. All specimens were analysed by World Health Organization criteria. Sperm viability, sperm with chromatin abnormality and maturity, DNA fragmentation, and apoptosis were examined. Viability and motility in the case were significantly lower than the control (p < .001, p = .004 respectively). The percentage of apoptotic sperms and DNA fragmentation were significantly higher in the case when compared with the control (p = .031, p < .001 respectively). The other parameters studied such as morphology, chromatin abnormality, and maturity showed no significant difference between the case and control groups. Cell phone waves had a detrimental effect on human sperm's biological features. Therefore, it is recommended to keep the cell phone away from the pelvis as much as possible.

Keywords: apoptosis; cell phone; electromagnetic radiation; sperm.

PMID: 34628682 DOI: 10.1111/and.14257