Author: Yanli Lin1, Rongxiang Tang2, Todd S Braver2
1 Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, 63130, USA. email@example.com.
2 Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, 63130, USA.
Conference/Journal: Psychon Bull Rev
Date published: 2021 Oct 4
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.3758/s13423-021-02008-6. , Word Count: 207
Research investigating the effects and underlying mechanisms of mindfulness on cognitive functioning has accelerated exponentially over the past two decades. Despite the rapid growth of the literature and its influential role in garnering public interest in mindfulness, inconsistent methods in defining and measuring mindfulness have yielded variable findings, which contribute to the overall dearth of clear generalizable conclusions. The focus of this article is to address the lack of cohesion in the collective methodologies used in this domain by providing a new perspective grounded in classic cognitive and experimental psychology principles. We leverage the concept of converging operations to demonstrate how seemingly disparate research strategies can be integrated towards a more unified and systematic approach. An organizing taxonomic framework is described to provide useful structure in how mindfulness can be operationalized, measured, and investigated. We illustrate the rationale and core organizing principles of the framework through a selective review of studies on mindfulness and cognitive control. We then demonstrate the utility of the approach by showing how it can be applied to synthesize extant methodologies and guide the development of future research. Specific suggestions and examples pertaining to experimental design and statistical analysis are provided.
Keywords: Cognition; Cognitive control; Meditation; Mindfulness.
PMID: 34608602 DOI: 10.3758/s13423-021-02008-6