Effects of Eight Methods and Five Steps of Tai Chi Practice on Balance Control Among Older Adults

Author: Xiu Hu1, Shaojun Lyu2, Min Mao3, Jianwei Zhang2, Wei Sun1, Cui Zhang4, Qipeng Song1
1 College of Sports and Health, Shandong Sport University, Jinan, Shandong,China.
2 College of Physical Education and Sports, Beijing Normal University, Beijing,China.
3 Department of Allied Health Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC,USA.
4 Lab of Biomechanics, Shandong Institute of Sport Science, Jinan, Shandong,China.
Conference/Journal: Motor Control
Date published: 2021 Sep 16
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.1123/mc.2021-0022. , Word Count: 126

The team developed the newly compiled eight methods and five steps of Tai Chi (EMFSTC), which includes introductory routines to Tai Chi characterized by simple structures. This study examined the effectiveness of EMFSTC practice on balance control. A total of 31 participants were randomly assigned to EMFSTC (n = 15, age = 66.4 ± 1.7 years, received 16-week EMFSTC practice) or control (n = 16, age = 66.7 ± 1.8 years, received no practice) groups. Significant group by training interactions were observed. After EMFSTC practice, balance control improved, as indicated by decreased root mean square and mean velocity of center of pressure, proprioception threshold during knee extension, and plantar tactile sensitivity threshold at the arch. EMFSCT can be an effective rehabilitation modality to improve balance control among older adults.

Keywords: postural control; proprioception; tactile sensitivity.

PMID: 34530402 DOI: 10.1123/mc.2021-0022