Interoception and Emotion: A Potential Mechanism for Intervention With Manual Treatment

Author: Hugo Pasin Neto1,2, Eduardo Bicalho1, Gustavo Bortolazzo1
1 Osteopathy, Brazilian College of Osteopathy, Sorocaba, BRA.
2 Physiotherapy, University of Sorocaba, Sorocaba, BRA.
Conference/Journal: Cureus
Date published: 2021 Jun 25
Other: Volume ID: 13 , Issue ID: 6 , Pages: e15923 , Special Notes: doi: 10.7759/cureus.15923. , Word Count: 164

Interoception is considered a perception pathway as important as the exteroceptive pathways for determining responses to maintain homeostasis. There is evidence about the influence of the interoception on emotional responses as these expressions are considered to be a combination of physical, environmental and individual beliefs. A large percentage of afferent fibers in the body are related to free nerve endings which, when stimulated, reach the insular cortex that participates in the process of emotions. The viscera afferent fibers represent 5% to 15% of all these inputs. Evidence emerges that demonstrates the importance of visceral health as part of the treatment of patients with emotional imbalances. It can be postulated that manual treatment applied to visceral fasciae can assist in interoceptive balance and have a positive impact on emotions. Therefore, the objective of the present study is to discuss the concepts of interoception, central sensitization, emotional health and visceral manual treatment.

Keywords: central sensitization; emotional imbalances; emotional responses; interoception; visceral manual treatment.

PMID: 34336427 PMCID: PMC8312802 DOI: 10.7759/cureus.15923