Author: Jennifer Taylor1,2, Sarah Walsh3,4, Wing Kwok3,4, Marina B Pinheiro3,4, Juliana Souza de Oliveira3,4, Leanne Hassett3,4,5, Adrian Bauman6,7, Fiona Bull8, Anne Tiedemann3,4, Catherine Sherrington3,4
1 Institute for Musculoskeletal Health, The University of Sydney and Sydney Local Health District, Camperdown, NSW, 2050, Australia. email@example.com.
2 School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia. firstname.lastname@example.org.
3 Institute for Musculoskeletal Health, The University of Sydney and Sydney Local Health District, Camperdown, NSW, 2050, Australia.
4 School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
5 Discipline of Physiotherapy, Sydney School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
6 Charles Perkins Centre, School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
7 WHO Collaborating Centre for Physical Activity, Nutrition and Obesity, Sydney, Australia.
8 Physical Activity Unit, Department of Health Promotion, Division of Universal Health Coverage and Healthier Populations, World Health Organization (WHO), Geneva, Switzerland.
Conference/Journal: Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act
Date published: 2021 Jun 30
Other: Volume ID: 18 , Issue ID: 1 , Pages: 82 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1186/s12966-021-01140-9. , Word Count: 362
To inform implementation and future research, this scoping review investigates the volume of evidence for physical activity interventions among adults aged 60+. Our research questions are: (1) what is the evidence regarding interventions designed to increase total physical activity in adults aged 60+ years, in accordance with three of the four strategic objectives of GAPPA (active societies, active environments, active people); (2) what is the current evidence regarding the effectiveness of physical activity programmes and services designed for older adults?; and (3) What are the evidence gaps requiring further research?
We searched PEDro, MEDLINE, CINAHL and Cochrane from 1 January 2010 to 1 November 2020 for systematic reviews and meta-analyses of physical activity interventions in adults aged 60+. We identified interventions designed to: (1) increase physical activity; and (2) deliver physical activity programmes and services in home, community or outpatient settings. We extracted and coded data from eligible reviews according to our proposed framework informed by TIDieR, Prevention of Falls Network Europe (PROFANE), and WHO's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). We classified the overall findings as positive, negative or inconclusive.
We identified 39 reviews of interventions to increase physical activity and 342 reviews of programmes/services for older adults. Interventions were predominantly structured exercise programmes, including balance strength/resistance training, and physical recreation, such as yoga and tai chi. There were few reviews of health promotion/coaching and health professional education/referral, and none of sport, workplace, sociocultural or environmental interventions. Fewer reported outcomes of total physical activity, social participation and quality of life/well-being. We noted insufficient coverage in diverse and disadvantaged samples and low-middle income countries.
There is a modest but growing volume of evidence regarding interventions designed to increase total physical activity in older adults, although more interventional studies with long term follow-up are needed, particularly for GAPPA 1. Active Societies and GAPPA 2. Active Environments. By comparison, there is abundant evidence for GAPPA 3. specific programmes and services, but coverage of sport and workplace interventions, and diverse samples and settings is lacking. Comprehensive reviews of individual studies are now needed as well as research targeting neglected outcomes, populations and settings.
Keywords: Aged; Exercise; Healthy aging; Older adults; Physical activity; World Health Organization.
PMID: 34193157 DOI: 10.1186/s12966-021-01140-9