Effect of Acupressure on Dynamic Balance in Elderly Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Author: Seyedeh Ameneh Motalebi1, Zeinab Zajkani2, Fatemeh Mohammadi1, Mohammad Habibi3, Maryam Mafi4, Fatemeh Ranjkesh5
Author Information:
1 Social Determinants of Health Research Center (SDH), Research Institute for Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences , Qazvin, Iran.
2 Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences , Qazvin, Iran.
3 Irannian Scientific Accupancture , Tehran, Iran.
4 School of Nursing and Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences , Qazvin, Iran.
5 Children Growth Research Center, Research Institute for Prevention of Non Communicable Diseases, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences , Qazvin, Iran.
Conference/Journal: Exp Aging Res
Date published: Oct-Dec 2020
Other: Volume ID: 46 , Issue ID: 5 , Pages: 433-445 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1080/0361073X.2020.1802981. , Word Count: 189


Background:
Balance disorders are common in the elderly and are a major cause of falls. This study aimed to determine the effect of acupressure on dynamic balance in elderly women.

Methods:
This randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 72 elderly women in Qazvin, Iran. The intervention group received rotary massage using the thumb at the pressure points for 4 weeks, 3 times a week for 20 minutes each session. Dynamic balance in both groups was measured before, 2 and 4 weeks after the intervention using timed up and go test and the step test. Data were analyzed using two way repeated measures ANOVA.

Results:
The mean age of participants was 67.34 ± 6.30 with a range of 60 to 80 years old. The results showed statistically significant improvement in the dynamic balance quantified by timed up and go test (%Δ = 26.53) and step test for the right (%Δ = 35.22) and left (Δ% = 32.62) legs (p < .001). However, in the control group, no significant change was observed in the dynamic balance after completion of the program.

Conclusion:
The results support that acupressure therapy can be an effective, safe, and inexpensive method to improve the dynamic balance and maintain maximum autonomy of the elderly.


PMID: 32757822 DOI: 10.1080/0361073X.2020.1802981

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