Acute Effects of Whole-Body Vibration Exercises at 2 Different Frequencies Versus an Aerobic Exercise on Some Cardiovascular, Neuromotor and Musculoskeletal Parameters in Adult Patients With Obesity

Author: Sofia Tamini1, Roberta De Micheli1, Gabriella Tringali1, Mario Bernardo-Filho2, Alessandro Sartorio1,3
1 Istituto Auxologico Italiano, IRCCS, Experimental Laboratory for Auxo-Endocrinological Research, Milan and Verbania, Italy.
2 Laboratório de Vibrações Mecânicas e Práticas Integrativas, Policlínica Piquet Carneiro, Instituto de Biologia Roberto Alcantara Gomes, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
3 Division of Auxology and Metabolic Diseases, Istituto Auxologico Italiano, IRCCS, Verbania, Italy.
Conference/Journal: Dose Response
Date published: 2020 Nov 28
Other: Volume ID: 18 , Issue ID: 4 , Pages: 1559325820965005 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1177/1559325820965005. , Word Count: 192

Whole-body vibration exercise (WBVE), a nonimpact, viable and safe type of exercise, has been reported to be useful in the physical rehabilitation of obesity. Aim of the study was to compare the acute effects of WBVE with a session of walking and running (AER) on cardiovascular, neuromotor and musculoskeletal parameters in obese subjects. Sixteen adult obese subjects performed 3 tests (WBVE at 30 and 45 Hz, AER) randomly in different days. An increase in heart rate was recorded after AER and 45 Hz WBVE (p < 0.001), while only AER increased systolic (p = 0.003) and diastolic blood pressure (p = 0.004) and ratings of perceived exertion (p < 0.001). All 3 exercises determined lactate increase [AER p < 0.001, 45 Hz (p = 0.04), 30 Hz (p = 0.03) WBVE] and sit-and-reach (AER p = 0.002, 45 and 30 Hz WBVE p < 0.001) and fingertip-to-floor improvements (AER p = 0.003, 30 and 45 Hz WBVE p < 0.001), while only 30 Hz WBVE determined improvement in stair climbing test (p < 0.05). Considering the lack of effects of 30 Hz WBVE on the cardiovascular system and fatigue and its positive effect on flexibility and muscle power, this procedure can be considered an appropriate exercise protocol for the obese population.

Keywords: aerobic exercise; flexibility; obesity; rehabilitation; whole-body vibration.

PMID: 33293907 PMCID: PMC7705791 DOI: 10.1177/1559325820965005