The acute effects of vinyasa flow yoga on vascular function, lipid and glucose concentrations, and mood

Author: Alexander A Piña1, James Shadiow1, A Tobi Fadeyi1, Anabel Chavez1, Stacy D Hunter2
Author Information:
1 Cardiovascular Physiology Laboratory, Texas State University, Department of Health and Human Performance, San Marcos, TX, United States.
2 Cardiovascular Physiology Laboratory, Texas State University, Department of Health and Human Performance, San Marcos, TX, United States. Electronic address: stacy.d.hunter@gmail.com.
Conference/Journal: Complement Ther Med
Date published: 2020 Oct 7
Other: Volume ID: 56 , Pages: 102585 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1016/j.ctim.2020.102585. , Word Count: 189


While the chronic effects of certain styles of yoga on cardiometabolic factors have been investigated, little is known about the acute effects of a single yoga session on these outcomes. Moreover, vinyasa yoga's potential to modulate cardiometabolic outcomes has not been established. The purpose of this study is to determine the acute effects of a vinyasa yoga session on arterial stiffness, wave reflection, lipid and glucose concentrations, and mood in adults with prior yoga experience. Thirty yoga practitioners with a minimum of 3 months of practice experience were enrolled into the study. Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cf-PWV), augmentation index (AIx), lipid profile, glucose concentrations, and mood (Positive and Negative Affect Scale) were assessed at baseline and immediately following a 1 -h vinyasa yoga session. After the yoga session, participants had significantly lower AIx (p < 0.001), non-HDL cholesterol (p < 0.05), and negative affect (p < 0.01) compared to baseline. These results highlight the efficacy of a single bout of yoga in altering wave reflection while improving mood and lipid concentrations in healthy adults with a history of yoga practice.

Keywords: Acute exercise; Alternative exercise; Augmentation index; Cardiovascular disease; Yoga.

PMID: 33197660 DOI: 10.1016/j.ctim.2020.102585

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