Exploring the Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness in youth aged 7-17 years

Author: Alexander Jones1, Jonathan Silas1, Jennifer Todd2, Anita Stewart3, Michael Acree4, Mark Coulson5, Wolf E Mehling4,6
Author Information:
1 Department of Psychology, School of Science and Technology, Middlesex University, London, UK.
2 School of Psychology and Sport Science, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, UK.
3 Institute for Health and Aging, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA.
4 Osher Center for Integrative Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA.
5 School of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of East Anglia, UK.
6 Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA.
Conference/Journal: J Clin Psychol
Date published: 2020 Oct 9
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.1002/jclp.23067. , Word Count: 159


Objective:
This study aimed to adapt the Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness (MAIA) questionnaire for younger respondents.

Method:
The language of the MAIA was revised and children aged 7-10 years (n = 212) and adolescents aged 11-17 years (n = 217) completed the questionnaire.

Results:
The original eight-factor model was tested for fit using confirmatory factor analysis. The model had an acceptable fit in the total sample and younger subsample and overall fit in the older subsample was adequate following modification. Internal consistency was good, except for the Noticing, Not-Distracting and Not-Worrying scales. Results also demonstrated a negative linear relationship between the trusting scale and age, suggesting that youths may lose trust in their body as they age.

Conclusion:
The adapted MAIA can be used with a younger population and, depending on the research question, individual MAIA scales may be selected. The survey is available at https://osher.ucsf.edu/maia.

Keywords: MAIA; adolescence; childhood; internal state; interoception; interoceptive awareness.

PMID: 33035384 DOI: 10.1002/jclp.23067

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