Effectiveness of Tai chi exercise on overall quality of life and its physical and psychological components among older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author: Di Wang1, Pengcheng Wang2, Kun Lan1, Yingchun Zhang1, Yingli Pan1
1 Fourth Affiliated Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang, China.
2 School of Nursing, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, China.
Conference/Journal: Braz J Med Biol Res
Date published: 2020 Sep 10
Other: Volume ID: 53 , Issue ID: 10 , Pages: e10196 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1590/1414-431X202010196. , Word Count: 234

With the aging of the world's population, the quality of life of older adults is becoming more important. There are many studies on the use of Tai chi exercise, a popular form of mind-body exercise practiced by older adults. However, the effectiveness of Tai chi exercise on the quality of life of older adults is unclear. For this systematic review and meta-analysis, six databases (PubMed, CENTRAL, CINAHL, EMBASE, Scopus, CNKI) were searched in English and Chinese languages to screen for relevant randomized controlled trials (RCT), and their risk of bias was assessed by two independent reviewers. The results of quality of life, physical component, and psychological component among older adults were meta-analyzed using RevMan5.3 software. The search retrieved 2577 records. After screening, a total of 10 RCTs were included in this evaluation, with a total of 1170 participants. The meta-analysis showed that compared with the control group, Tai chi exercise had a significant impact on the overall quality of life (SMD=1.23; 95%CI: 0.56-1.98; P<0.0001), and on the physical component of quality of life (MD=5.90; 95%CI: 1.05-10.75; P=0.02), but no significant impact on the psychological component of quality of life. This study had high heterogeneity. The results of this study suggest the potential use of Tai chi exercise as an activity for increased quality of life in older adults. Future research may enhance experimental rigor and explore the rationale behind Tai chi exercise.

PMID: 32901684 DOI: 10.1590/1414-431X202010196