Effect of Whole-Body Vibration Exercise on Power Profile and Bone Mineral Density in Postmenopausal Women With Osteoporosis: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Author: Abeer M ElDeeb1, Amr A Abdel-Aziem2
1 Department of Physical Therapy for Women's Health, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.
2 Department of Biomechanics, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt. Electronic address: Amralmaz@yahoo.com.
Conference/Journal: J Manipulative Physiol Ther
Date published: 2020 Aug 28
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2019.12.003. , Word Count: 296

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of whole-body vibration (WBV) on muscle work and bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar vertebrae and femur in postmenopausal women.

Forty-three postmenopausal women with low BMD were randomly assigned to WBV and control groups. Both groups received calcium and vitamin D supplementations once daily, while the WBV group additionally received WBV exercise (twice/wk) for 24 successive weeks. Qualisys gait analysis system was used to measure hip power generation by hip extensors (H1S) and flexors (H3S), hip power absorption by hip flexors (H2S), knee power absorption by quadriceps during loading response (K1S) and preswing (K3S), knee power absorption by hamstring (K4S), knee power generation by quadriceps (K2S), ankle power absorption by dorsiflexors (A1S) and plantar flexors (A2S), and ankle power generation by plantar flexors (A3S). Also, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to measure BMD of the lumbar vertebrae and femur before and after the intervention.

There were significant increases (P < .05) in the hip muscle work (H1S, H2S, and H3S), knee muscle work (K1S, K2S, K3S, and K4S), ankle muscle work (A1S, A2S, and A3S) during gait, and BMD of the lumbar vertebrae and femur of the WBV group. However, there were no significant changes (P > .05) in the control group. The posttreatment values of the hip, knee, and ankle muscle work and BMD of the WBV group were significantly (P < .05) higher than the posttreatment values of the control group.

Whole-body vibration training improved the leg muscle work and lumbar and femoral BMD in postmenopausal women with low BMD.

Keywords: Bone Density; Gait analysis; Osteoporosis; Postmenopause; Vibration.

PMID: 32868028 DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2019.12.003