Effect of a Single Session of Tai Chi Chuan Practice on Glucose and Lipid Metabolism and Related Hormones

Author: Wan-An Lu1, Yung-Sheng Chen2, Chun-Hsiung Wang3, Cheng-Deng Kuo4,5,6
Author Information:
1 Institute of Cultural Asset and Reinvention, Fo-Guang University, Yilan 262, Taiwan.
2 Department of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Taipei, Taipei 111, Taiwan.
3 Department of Cardiology, Taipei City Hospital Renai Branch, Taipei 106, Taiwan.
4 Department of Medical Research, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei 112, Taiwan.
5 Division of Chest Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua 500, Taiwan.
6 Tanyu Research Laboratory, Taipei 112, Taiwan.
Conference/Journal: Life (Basel)
Date published: 2020 Aug 9
Other: Volume ID: 10 , Issue ID: 8 , Pages: E145 , Special Notes: doi: 10.3390/life10080145. , Word Count: 227

To examine the effect of Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) practice on glucose and lipid metabolism and related hormones in TCC practitioners.

Twenty-one TCC practitioners and nineteen healthy controls were included in this study. Classical Yang's TCC was practiced by the TCC practitioners. The percentage changes in serum total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), serum glucose (SG), serum insulin, serum insulin level, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), log(HOMA-IR), quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (QUICKI), and serum endothelin-1 (ET-1) before and 30 min after resting or TCC practice were compared between healthy controls and TCC practitioners.

Before TCC or resting, the serum insulin level, HOMA-IR, and log(HOMA-IR) of the TCC practitioners were significantly lower than those of healthy subjects, whereas the QUICKI of the TCC practitioners was significantly higher than that of healthy subjects. Thirty min after TCC practice, the %TC, %HDL-C, %QUICKI, and %ET-1 were all significantly decreased, whereas the %SG, %serum insulin, and %HOMA-IR were significantly increased in the TCC group as compared to the control group 30 min after resting.

The serum glucose, insulin level and insulin resistance were enhanced, whereas the cholesterol, HDL-C and ET-1 levels were reduced 30 min after TCC practice. The mechanism underlying these effects of TCC 30 min after TCC is not clear yet.

Keywords: Tai Chi Chuan; insulin resistance; insulin sensitivity; serum glucose.

PMID: 32784834 DOI: 10.3390/life10080145