Benefits of Qigong as an integrative and complementary practice for health: a systematic review

Author: Bruna Francielle Toneti1, Rafael Fernando Mendes Barbosa1, Leandro Yukio Mano2, Luana Okino Sawada3, Igor Goulart de Oliveira4, Namie Okino Sawada5
1 PAHO/WHO Collaborating Centre at the Nursing Research Development, Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.
2 Instituto de Ciências Matemáticas e de Computação, Universidade de São Paulo, São Carlos, SP, Brazil.
3 School of Computing and Information Science, Florida International University, Miami, FL, United States of America.
4 Centro de Ciências Tecnológicas, Universidade Estadual do Norte do Paraná, Bandeirantes, PR, Brazil.
5 Escola de Enfermagem, Universidade Federal de Alfenas, Alfenas, MG, Brazil.
Conference/Journal: Rev Lat Am Enfermagem
Date published: 2020
Other: Volume ID: 28 , Pages: e3317 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1590/1518-8345.3718.3317. , Word Count: 208

Objective: to analyze, in the literature, evidence about the benefits of the integrative and complementary practice of Qigong with regard to the health of adults and the elderly.

Method: a systematic review by searching for studies in the PubMed, CINAHL, LILACS, EMBASE and Cochrane Library databases. Randomized and non-randomized clinical trials were included; in Portuguese, English and Spanish; from 2008 to 2018. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses strategy was adopted, as well as the recommendation of the Cochrane Collaboration for assessing the risk of bias in the clinical trials analyzed.

Results: 28 studies were selected that indicated the benefit of the practice to the target audience, which can be used for numerous health conditions, such as: cancer; fibromyalgia; Parkinson's disease; Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease; Burnout; stress; social isolation; chronic low back pain; cervical pain; buzz; osteoarthritis; fatigue; depression; and cardiovascular diseases. However, there was a great risk of bias in terms of the blinding of the research studies.

Conclusion: the practice of Qigong produces positive results on health, mainly in the medium and long term. This study contributes to the advancement in the use of integrative and complementary practices in nursing, since it brings together the scientific production in the area from the best research results available.