The Effect of Qigong Wuqinxi for Osteopenia and Primary Osteoporosis: A Protocol for Systematic Review and Meta Analysis

Author: Min Liu 1, Dongying Liu, Peipei Hong, Xianliang Qiu, Qiu Chen
1 Hospital of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China.
Conference/Journal: Medicine (Baltimore)
Date published: 2020 May 22
Other: Volume ID: 99 , Issue ID: 21 , Pages: e20379 , Word Count: 333

PMID: 32481336 DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000020379

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Introduction: Osteoporosis (OP) and related fragility fractures are a significant public health problem which leads to pain, disability, loss function of independence, considerable complications and increased mortality. Exercise training is the only alternative strategy to improve multiple skeletal and fall risk factors simultaneously. Wuqinxi is 1 of the Chinese mind-body exercises using to improve physical and mental health and fight against diseases for thousands of years. Our study aims to systematically review the existing literature to further explore the efficacy and safety of Wuqinxi in the prevention and treatment of osteopenia and OP.

Methods and analysis: The following electronic databases (PubMed, Science Citation Index, Embase (Ovid) database, the Cochrane Library, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, the China Biology Medicine disc, the China Science and Technology Journal Database, the Wan fang Database, and the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry Platform) will be searched from the beginning to 1 June 2020. Only randomized controlled trials will be enrolled, in which the intervention group must include a form of Wuqinxi, while the control group can involve other conventional treatment or no intervention. The potential outcome measures will include bone mineral density values, bone turnover markers, fragility fractures, quality of life, pain scores, and adverse events. The Cochrane risk of bias assessment tool will be used to assess the risk of bias in each study.

Results: The current study is a protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis without results, and data analysis will be carried out after the protocol. We will share our findings in the third quarter of 2021.

Conclusion: This review aims to evaluate up-to-date evidence of Wuqinxi for bone health in English or Chinese language studies, and explore whether Wuqinxi can be used as an adjuvant treatment for osteoporosis and osteopenia.

Ethics and dissemination: Ethical approval is not required as the review is a secondary study based on published literature. The results of the study will be published in peer-reviewed publications and disseminated electronically or in print.

Protocol registration number: INPLASY202040135.