Author: Britton W
Affiliation: Alpert Medical School at Brown University, 171 Meeting St, Providence RI 02912
Conference/Journal: Current Opinion in Psychology
Date published: 2019 Aug
Other: Special Notes: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.12.011 and ResearchGate , Word Count: 173
Previous research has found that very few, if any, psychological or physiological processes are universally beneficial. Instead, positive phenomena tend to follow a non-monotonic or inverted U-shaped trajectory where their typically positive effects eventually turn negative. This review investigates mindfulness-related processes for signs of non-monotonicity. A number of mindfulness-related processes—including, mindful attention (observing awareness, interoception), mindfulness qualities, mindful emotion regulation (prefrontal control, decentering, exposure, acceptance), and meditation practice—show signs of non-monotonicity, boundary conditions, or negative effects under certain conditions. A research agenda that investigates the possibility of mindfulness as non-monotonic may be able to provide an explanatory framework for the mix of positive, null, and negative effects that could maximize the efficacy of mindfulness-based interventions.
• Few psychological or physiological processes are universally beneficial.
• Most positive phenomena reach inflection points where their effects turn negative.
• Mindfulness is unlikely to be an exception to the inverted U-shape curved principle.
• Some mindfulness-related processes have negative effects under certain conditions.
• Research that includes the full range of possible effects would improve the efficacy of mindfulness.