The effect of mindfulness training on burnout syndrome in nursing: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Author: Suleiman-Martos N1, Gomez-Urquiza JL1, Aguayo-Estremera R2, Cañadas-De La Fuente GA1, De La Fuente-Solana EI3, Albendín-García L1
1Nursing Department, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.
2Social Psychology, Social Work, Social Anthropology and Eastern Asia Studies Department, University of Malaga, Malaga, Spain.
3Brain, Mind and Behavior Research Center (CIMCYC), University of Granada, Granada, Spain.
Conference/Journal: J Adv Nurs.
Date published: 2020 Feb 5
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.1111/jan.14318. [Epub ahead of print] , Word Count: 253

AIM: To analyse the effect of mindfulness training on levels of burnout among nurses.

BACKGROUND: Burnout syndrome is a common occupational hazard for nursing staff. Mindfulness training has been proposed as a valid intervention for burnout.

DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

DATA SOURCES: The CINAHL, LILACS, Medline, ProQuest, PsycINFO, Scielo and Scopus databases were consulted, using the search equation "Nurs * AND burnout AND mindfulness". There was no restriction on the year of publication.

REVIEW METHODS: Papers were selected for analysis in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. The meta-analysis was carried out using Review Manager 5.3 software.

RESULTS: The sample was of 17 articles including 632 nurses. Mindfulness training reduces levels of burnout, producing lower scores for emotional exhaustion and depersonalization and higher for personal accomplishment. The differences in the means were 1.32 (95% CI: -9.41 - 6.78), 1.91 (95% CI: -4.50 - 0.68) and 2.12 (95% CI: -9.91 - 14.14) respectively, between the intervention and control groups.

CONCLUSION: Mindfulness training reduces the emotional burden and hence levels of burnout, among nurses. However, further randomised clinical trials are required.

IMPACT: Mindfulness intervention reduces the level of burnout among nursing staff. Mindfulness, through body-mind training, allows workers to address and overcome situations of severe emotional impact. These results may have a positive impact for well-being and quality of life in nurses and also for the quality care. Hospitals can provide mindfulness training, which has been proposed as a potential strategy to reduce nurses burnout.

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KEYWORDS: burnout; health promotion; intervention; literature review; mindfulness; nursing; systematic review

PMID: 32026484 DOI: 10.1111/jan.14318