Trampoline Versus Resistance Training in Young Adults: Effects on Knee Muscles Strength and Balance.

Author: Tay ZM1, Lin WH2, Kee YH1, Kong PW1
1Nanyang Technological University.
2National Chiayi University.
Conference/Journal: Res Q Exerc Sport.
Date published: 2019 Dec
Other: Volume ID: 90 , Issue ID: 4 , Pages: 452-460 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1080/02701367.2019.1616045. Epub 2019 Jun 11. , Word Count: 196

Purpose: Trampoline parks are becoming popular in many countries, providing recreational facilities for children and adults. This study investigated the effects of trampoline training on knee muscles strength and balance in young adults. Methods: Twenty-six participants (14 males, 12 females) were randomized into trampoline training (TT) and resistance training (RT) groups to undergo a 6-week supervised intervention program (2 × 30 min per week). TT group performed basic trampoline exercises while the RT group performed resistance training targeting lower extremities muscles. Peak knee extension and flexion torque, postural sway characteristics, and Y balance test (YBT) performance were evaluated before and after the intervention. A mixed model analysis of variance (group × time) was applied. Results: After training there were significant improvements in knee extension torque (mean differencepost-pre [95% CI], TT: 0.27 [0.00, 0.54] N∙m/kg, RT: 0.31 [0.09,0.54] N∙m/kg, p = .001), knee flexion torque (TT: 0.25 [0.17,0.33] N∙m/kg, RT: 0.21 [0.08,0.34] N∙m/kg, p < .001), and dynamic balance (YBT composite scores, mean differencepost-pre [95% CI], TT: 4.9 [-0.3, 10.2]%, RT: 5.2 [2.4,8.0]%, p = .001). No difference between groups was found. Conclusion: Trampoline training can be as effective as resistance training for improving knee muscles strength and dynamic balance in young men and women.

KEYWORDS: Jumping; knee extensor; knee flexor; postural sway

PMID: 31184985 DOI: 10.1080/02701367.2019.1616045