The Effect of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) Therapy on Quality of Life in Women with Multiple Sclerosis, Ahvaz, Iran.

Author: Kolahkaj B1, Zargar F2, Majdinasab N3
1Department of Clinical Psychology, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch Faculty, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran.
2Department of Health psychology, Health Psychology Faculty, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
3Department of Neurology, Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation Research Center, Ahwaz Jondishapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahwaz, Iran.
Conference/Journal: J Caring Sci.
Date published: 2018 Dec 1
Other: Volume ID: 8 , Issue ID: 4 , Pages: 213-217 , Special Notes: doi: 10.15171/jcs.2019.030. eCollection 2019 Dec. , Word Count: 198

Introduction: Low quality of life is one of the most common symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) which can reduce satisfaction with life, as well as increase death ratio and neuro-mental problems. The present study aimed to determine the effect of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) therapy on the quality of life in women with Multiple sclerosis in the city of Ahvaz. Methods: Forty eight patients who had referred to neurologists were selected by convenient sampling and were assigned into two groups (MBSR and control) randomly. The participants of the two groups answered the 36-item quality of life questionnaire. The experimental group was under treatment for 8 sessions while the control group did not receive any psychological treatment. Data were analyzed, using SPSSver.13 software by repeated measures analysis of variance. Results: In the MBSR group, the mean subscales of QOL had more significant reduction compare to control group. Also the improvement of all subscales of mental and physical QOL continued after two months later in follow up stage. Conclusion: The findings suggest that MBSR is useful for improving the quality of life in patients with MS.

© 2019 The Author(s).

KEYWORDS: Mindfulness; Multiple sclerosis; Quality of life

PMID: 31915623 PMCID: PMC6942645 DOI: 10.15171/jcs.2019.030