The Effects of Different Stages of Mindfulness Meditation Training on Emotion Regulation.

Author: Zhang Q1, Wang Z2, Wang X3, Liu L4, Zhang J3, Zhou R1,3
Author Information:
1Department of Psychology, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China.
2College of Teacher Education, Qilu Normal University, Jinan, China.
3School of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China.
4Department of Psychology, College of Teacher Education, Ningbo University, Ningbo, China.
Conference/Journal: Front Hum Neurosci.
Date published: 2019 Jun 27
Other: Volume ID: 13 , Pages: 208 , Special Notes: doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2019.00208. eCollection 2019. , Word Count: 167

This study examined mood enhancement effects from 4-week focusing attention (FA) meditation and 4-week open monitoring (OM) meditation in an 8-week mindfulness training program designed for ordinary individuals. Forty participants were randomly assigned to a training group or a control group. All participants were asked to perform cognitive tasks and subjective scale tests at three time points (pre-, mid-, and post-tests). Compared with the participants in the control group, the participants in the meditation training group showed significantly decreased anxiety, depression, and rumination scores; significantly increased mindfulness scores; and significantly reduced reaction times (RTs) in the incongruent condition for the Stroop task. The present study demonstrated that 8-week mindfulness meditation training could effectively enhance the level of mindfulness and improve emotional states. Moreover, FA meditation could partially improve individual levels of mindfulness and effectively improve mood, while OM meditation could further improve individual levels of mindfulness and maintain a positive mood.

KEYWORDS: Stroop task; emotion regulation; focusing attention; mindfulness meditation; open monitoring

PMID: 31316361 PMCID: PMC6610260 DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2019.00208