Music therapy intervention in community-dwelling older adults with mild cognitive impairment: A pilot study.

Author: Domínguez-Chávez CJ1, Murrock CJ2, Guerrero PIC3, Salazar-González BC4
Author Information:
1Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Facultad de Enfermería Mitras Centro, Dr. José Eleuterio González 1500 street, Mitras Nte. Monterrey, Nuevo León, ZIP Code 64460, México. Electronic address: cjennifer_dguez23@hotmail.com.
2University of Akron, School of Nursing 209 Carroll Street, Akron, OH ZIP Code 44325-3701, United States.
3Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Facultad de Música Unidad Mederos, Residencial Las Torres, Monterrey, Nuevo León, ZIP Code 64980, México.
4Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Facultad de Enfermería Mitras Centro, Dr. José Eleuterio González 1500 street, Mitras Nte. Monterrey, Nuevo León, ZIP Code 64460, México.
Conference/Journal: Geriatr Nurs.
Date published: 2019 Jul 2
Other: Pages: S0197-4572(19)30169-7 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1016/j.gerinurse.2019.06.004. [Epub ahead of print] , Word Count: 153


The purpose of the pilot study was twofold, seeking to investigate both the feasibility and preliminary effects of a music therapy intervention on the global cognitive state (attention, immediate and delayed memory, and executive function) and gait parameters (gait velocity, cadence, and right and left stride length) in older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Sixteen participants attended the one-hour music therapy sessions three times a week for 12 weeks. The intervention was feasible, achieving a retention rate of 84%. Significant effects were found in global cognitive state (p = .001), attention (p = .007), immediate memory (p < .001), delayed memory (p = .001), executive function (p = .002), gait velocity (p = .021), right stride length (p = .007), and left stride length (p = .014). These results suggest that music therapy intervention is a potentially innovative strategy for improving cognition and gait parameters in older adults with MCI.

Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS: Gait; Mild cognitive impairment; Music therapy; Older adults

PMID: 31277962 DOI: 10.1016/j.gerinurse.2019.06.004

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