Synchronization of Bioelectric Oscillations in Networks of Non-Excitable Cells: From Single-Cell to Multicellular States.

Author: Cervera J, Manzanares JA, Mafe S, Levin M
Conference/Journal: J Phys Chem B.
Date published: 2019 Apr 19
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.9b01717. [Epub ahead of print] , Word Count: 178

Biological networks use collective oscillations for information processing tasks. In particular, oscillatory membrane potentials have been observed in non-excitable cells and bacterial communities where specific ion channel proteins contribute to the bioelectric coordination of large populations. We aim at describing theoretically the oscillatory spatio-temporal patterns that emerge at the multicellular level from the single-cell bioelectric dynamics. To this end, we focus on two key questions: (i) what single-cell properties are relevant to multicellular behavior and (ii) what properties defined at the multicellular level can allow an external control of the bioelectric dynamics. In particular, we explore the interplay between transcriptional and translational dynamics and membrane-potential dynamics in a model multicellular ensemble, describe the spatio-temporal patterns that arise when the average electric potential allows groups of cells act as a coordinated multicellular patch, and characterize the resulting synchronization phenomena. The simulations concern bioelectric networks and collective communication across different scales based on oscillatory and synchronization phenomena, thus shedding light on the physiological dynamics of a wide range of endogenous contexts across embryogenesis and regeneration.

PMID: 31003574 DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.9b01717