The Association Between Yoga Use, Physical Function, and Employment in Adults With Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Author: Greysen HM1, Hong OS, Katz P
Author Information:
1University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia (Dr Greysen); and School of Nursing (Dr Hong) and School of Medicine (Dr Katz), University of California, San Francisco.
Conference/Journal: Holist Nurs Pract.
Date published: 2019 Mar/Apr
Other: Volume ID: 33 , Issue ID: 2 , Pages: 71-79 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1097/HNP.0000000000000296. , Word Count: 239

Mind-body exercises such as yoga offer patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) a symptom management strategy for improving physical and mental health. Studies have evaluated yoga to manage symptoms of RA and improve physical function; however, none has examined the relationship between yoga and work status in adults with RA. The objective was to describe differences in RA symptomatology, physical function scores, and work status between adults with RA who participate in yoga and those who do not. This cross-sectional study surveyed adults with rheumatologist-diagnosed RA regarding yoga use in the past year, symptoms, physical function, and work status. Differences between yoga and non-yoga participation groups were assessed with 2-sided t tests or Pearson χ tests. Multivariate linear regression analyses were conducted to identify significant associations between yoga participation and primary outcomes. The sample included 398 adults with RA; 88% were females, 66% were white, mean age 61.8 years, mean disease duration 24.8 years; 10.6% participated in yoga. Vinyasa, Bikram, Hatha, Iyengar, and restorative yoga styles were practiced, mostly in a group setting. Yoga participants were significantly more likely to work full-time, less likely to be unable to work due to disability, and had better physical function. These findings characterize yoga practice and practitioners among adults with RA. In adults with RA, yoga participation is associated with full-time work status and better physical function than nonparticipation. This study adds additional information to the growing body of literature about adults with RA who practice yoga.

PMID: 30747775 DOI: 10.1097/HNP.0000000000000296