E ect of the pulsed electromagnetic field on the release of inflammatory mediators from adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) in rats.

Author: Baranowska A1, Skowron B1, Gil K1, Kaszuba-Zwoińska J2
1Department of Pathophysiology Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland.
2Department of Pathophysiology Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland. jolanta.kaszuba-zwoinska@uj.edu.pl.
Conference/Journal: Folia Med Cracov.
Date published: 2018
Other: Volume ID: 58 , Issue ID: 4 , Pages: 21-34 , Word Count: 265

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to verify if the exposure to the pulsed electromagnetic eld (PEMF) influenced the release of proinflammatory cytokines from adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) of normal and overweight rats of various age and sex. Moreover, we compared body temperatures of normal-weight and overweight rats.

METHODS: ADSCs of Wistar rats were isolated from the subcutaneous area in females and paratesticular region in males, cultured and exposed to PEMF (7 Hz, 30 mT). Concentrations of proinflammatory cytokines were determined in rat sera and supernatant from ADSCs cultures exposed and non-exposed to PEMF. Body temperature (BT) was measured twice a week, using an infrared and rectal thermometer.

RESULTS: Irrespective of age and sex, animals maintained on low-fat (LF) diet had higher BT than those grown on high-fat (HF) diet. Exposure to PEMF reduced the release of TNF-α and enhanced the production of IL-6 in ADSCs cultures from female pups maintained on LF diet. In contrast, a decrease in IL-6 level was observed in PEMF-exposed ADSCs cultures from female pups grown on HF diet. A similar phenomenon, i.e. a post-exposure increase in IL-6 level was also observed in male pups fed with the LF diet. In the case of ADSCs cultures from adult rats maintained on an HF diet, either males or females, PEMF exposure contributed to a dramatic increase in TNF-α production.

CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that PEMF exposure may affect the production of proinflammatory cytokines in ADSCs cultures. The intergroup differences in BT may result from the presence of an underlying inflammation in obese rats.

KEYWORDS: ADSCs; PEMF; obesity; proinflammatory cytokine; temperature

PMID: 30745599