Effect of Whole Body Horizontal Vibration Exercise in Chronic Low Back Pain Patients: Vertical Versus Horizontal Vibration Exercise.

Author: Kim H1, Kwon BS1, Park JW1, Lee H1, Nam K1, Park T1, Cho Y1, Kim T1
1Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Dongguk University College of Medicine, Goyang, Korea.
Conference/Journal: Ann Rehabil Med.
Date published: 2018 Dec
Other: Volume ID: 42 , Issue ID: 6 , Pages: 804-813 , Special Notes: doi: 10.5535/arm.2018.42.6.804. Epub 2018 Dec 28. , Word Count: 260

OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the effect of a 12-week horizontal vibration exercise (HVE) in chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients as compared to vertical vibration exercise (VVE).

METHODS: Twenty-eight CLBP patients were randomly assigned to either the HVE or VVE group. All participants performed the exercise for 30 minutes each day, three times a week, for a total of 12 weeks. Altered pain and functional ability were evaluated using the visual analog scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), respectively. Changes in lumbar muscle strength, transverse abdominis (TrA) and multifidus muscle thicknesses, and standing balance were measured using an isokinetic dynamometer, ultrasonography, and balance parameters, respectively. These assessments were evaluated prior to treatment, 6 weeks and 12 weeks after the first treatment, and 4 weeks after the end of treatment (that is, 16 weeks after the first treatment).

RESULTS: According to the repeated-measures analysis of variance, there were significant improvements with time on VAS, ODI, standing balance score, lumbar flexor, and extensor muscle strength (all p<0.001 in both groups) without any significant changes in TrA (p=0.153 in HVE, p=0.561 in VVE group) or multifidus (p=0.737 in HVE, p=0.380 in VVE group) muscle thickness. Further, there were no significant differences between groups according to time in any of the assessments. No adverse events were noticed during treatment in either group.

CONCLUSION: HVE is as effective as VVE in reducing pain, strengthening the lumbar muscle, and improving the balance and functional abilities of CLBP patients. Vibrational exercise increases muscle strength without inducing muscle hypertrophy.

KEYWORDS: Balance; Low back pain; Muscle strength; Vibration; Visual analog scale

PMID: 30613073 DOI: 10.5535/arm.2018.42.6.804