Mindfulness and burnout among beside registered nurses: A cross-sectional study.

Author: Zhao J1, Li X2, Xiao H3, Cui N4, Sun L1, Xu Y1
1Quality Management Office, the Second Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, China.
2Nursing Administration Department, the Second Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, China.
3Human Resources Department, the Second Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, China.
4School of Nursing, Shandong University, Jinan, China.
Conference/Journal: Nurs Health Sci.
Date published: 2018 Dec 6
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.1111/nhs.12582. [Epub ahead of print] , Word Count: 193

Nursing is a high stress job, and burnout of nurses is of particular concern. The aim of this cross-sectional survey study was to examine the relationship between mindfulness and burnout, and how the mindfulness facets vary in their associations with the different domains of burnout for Chinese nurses. A sample of registered bedside nurses working in a tertiary Chinese hospital (n = 763) was surveyed from February to June 2017 regarding mindfulness (i.e. acting with awareness, describing, and non-judging of experiences), burnout (i.e. emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment), and sociodemographic and job-related characteristics. Higher scores on the three facets of mindfulness were associated with less emotional exhaustion and depersonalization, and acting with awareness showed the highest regression coefficients. Personal accomplishment was positively associated with acting with awareness and describing, whereas it was negatively related to non-judging of experiences. Describing was the strongest facet associated with personal accomplishment. In conclusion, there were clearly correlations between mindfulness as a personal trait and burnout among Chinese bedside nurses. These findings suggest the potential benefits of tailored mindfulness-based interventions in reducing nurse burnout in China.

KEYWORDS: China; bedside registered nurse; burnout; cross-sectional study; mindfulness

PMID: 30520222 DOI: 10.1111/nhs.12582