Acute Effects of Music Therapy in Subjects With Psychosis During Inpatient Treatment.

Author: Volpe U, Gianoglio C, Autiero L, Marino ML, Facchini D, Mucci A, Galderisi S
Conference/Journal: Psychiatry.
Date published: 2018 Oct 23
Other: Volume ID: 1-10 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1080/00332747.2018.1502559. [Epub ahead of print] , Word Count: 223

OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have proposed music therapy (MT) as a useful rehabilitation approach for patients with psychosis, but few studies have focused on acute settings. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of a structured MT program on clinical and social functioning indices of patients with psychosis while hospitalized in an emergency psychiatric ward.

METHOD: The intervention followed a modified approach to Benenzon's MT model and was delivered biweekly to 61 patients with psychosis consecutively admitted to our ward. Before and after the MT program, all subjects were administered the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) for assessment of general psychopathology, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) for affective symptomatology, the Clinical Global Impression (CGI) scale for severity of symptoms, and the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scale for psychosocial functioning.

RESULTS: A repeated-measures analysis of variance revealed that patients who underwent the MT intervention had a statistically significant reduction of BPRS and CGI scores, compared to the control group; furthermore, the BPRS anxiety/depression factor and the HADS scores for affective symptomatology significantly decreased after the observation period compared to controls.

CONCLUSION: Our results are in line with previous studies showing favorable effects of MT in patients with psychosis, in particular on affective symptomatology, but extend this observation to an emergency setting with short periods of hospital stay.

PMID: 30351238 DOI: 10.1080/00332747.2018.1502559