Author: Cheng JH1, Wang YJ2, Chou SS3, Yeh ML4
1MSN, RN, Department of Nursing, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan, ROC.
2PhD, RN, Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Taiwan, ROC.
3PhD, RN, Deputy Director, Department of Nursing, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan, ROC.
4PhD, RN, Professor, Graduate Institute of Integration of Traditional Chinese Medicine With Western Nursing, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences, Taiwan, ROC. email@example.com.
Conference/Journal: Hu Li Za Zhi.
Date published: 2018 Oct
Other: Volume ID: 65 , Issue ID: 5 , Pages: 34-44 , Special Notes: doi: 10.6224/JN.201810_65(5).06. [Article in Chinese; Abstract available in Chinese from the publisher] , Word Count: 230
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based research has shown the effects of traditional Chinese exercise on exercise capacity, depression, and quality of life in patients with cardiovascular disease. However, the effects of Chan-Chuang qigong on the physical and psychological status and on the quality of life of these patients are unknown.
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of Chan-Chuang qigong on exercise capacity, depression, and quality of life in patients with heart failure.
METHODS: A randomized controlled study with repeated measures was conducted. One hundred participants with heart failure were recruited from a teaching medical center in Taiwan. Permuted block randomization was used to randomly assign the participants to either the Chan-Chuang qigong group, which received Chan-Chuang qigong intervention for three-months, or the control group. The outcome variables included six-minute walk distance, depression, and quality of life.
RESULTS: Generalized estimating equation analyses showed that the Chan-Chuang qigong group achieved significantly greater improvements than the control group in terms of six-minute walk distance (p = .001, p < .001, p < .001, respectively) and quality of life (p = .016, p < .001, p < .001, respectively) at 2, 4, and 12 weeks after the intervention and depression at 12 weeks after the intervention (p = .016).
CONCLUSIONS / IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The results of this study indicate that Chan-Chuang qigong improves exercise capacity, depression, and quality of life in patients with heart failure without imposing harmful side effects.
KEYWORDS: Chan-Chuang qigong; depression; exercise capacity; heart failure; quality of life