Author: Bordoni B1, Purgol S2, Bizzarri A3, Modica M4, Morabito B5
1Cardiology, Foundation Don Carlo Gnocchi Irccs, Department of Cardiology, Institute of Hospitalization and Care, Milano, ITA.
2Osteopathy, National University of Medical Sciences (usa), Naples, USA.
3Osteopathy, CRESO, School of Osteopathic Centre for Research and Studies, Fano, ITA.
4Department of Cardiology, Foundation Don Carlo Gnocchi Irccs, Department of Cardiology, Institute of Hospitalization and Care, Milano, ITA.
5Osteopathy, School of Osteopathic Centre for Research and Studies, Rome, ITA.
Date published: 2018 Jun 1
Other: Volume ID: 10 , Issue ID: 6 , Pages: e2724 , Special Notes: doi: 10.7759/cureus.2724. , Word Count: 156
The functions of the diaphragm do not stop locally in its anatomy but affect the whole body system. The respiratory rhythm, directly and indirectly, affects the central nervous system (CNS). This article describes and reviews these influences, containing, for the first time, information on this subject in a single text. The ability of breath to move the brain mass and determine patterns of neural oscillation will be discussed. The role of the diaphragm in influencing motor expression and its effect on intracranial blood shifts in respiratory activity will also be discussed. It is known that the diaphragm can have multiple uses in improving the symptomatological picture of chronic diseases, but there is no current, concrete data on the effects that the rehabilitative training or manual approaches could have on the patient; in particular, on his/her cognitive and cerebral aspects in general.
KEYWORDS: breathing; diaphragm; neural oscillation; phrenic nerve; vagus nerve
PMID: 30083485 PMCID: PMC6070065 DOI: 10.7759/cureus.2724