A modified 6-form Tai Chi for patients with COPD.

Author: Zhu S1, Shi K2, Yan J3, He Z1, Wang Y1, Yi Q1, Huang H1
1The Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China.
2Interpreter Services Michigan Medicine University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA.
3The Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China. Electronic address: yanjin0163@163.com.
Conference/Journal: Complement Ther Med.
Date published: 2018 Aug
Other: Volume ID: 39 , Pages: 36-42 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1016/j.ctim.2018.05.007. Epub 2018 May 17. , Word Count: 357

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: 24-form Tai Chi is a traditional exercise popular among old people in China, but it has some complex movements beyond of capabilities of patients with COPD. This study was to modify and simplify 24-form Tai Chi and evaluate effects of the modified Tai Chi on lung function, exercise capacity, dyspnea symptom and health status in patients with COPD.

METHODS: A two-step procedure was applied: an initial qualitative research module consisting of focus group discussion, expert consultation and patient interviews was conducted to simplified and modified 24-form Tai Chi for patients with COPD. Then, a randomized controlled trial consisting of 60 patients with II to IV COPD was conducted to evaluate effects of the modified Tai Chi on lung function (FEV1%), exercise capacity (Six minutes walking distance,6MWD), dyspnea symptom (Modified Medical Research Council Scale, mMRC) and health status (COPD Assessment Test, CAT). All measures were obtained at baseline, 3-month follow-up and 9-month follow-up.

RESULTS: A new simpler 6-form Tai Chi that combining characteristics of COPD, the experts' wisdom and patients' needs was developed. Patients with COPD can grasp it in about 3 h and participants showed 86.0% adherence to the Tai Chi training and no negative accidents occurred. Generalized estimating equations (GEE) showed that there were significant differences in FEV1%, 6MWD and CAT scores between modified Tai Chi (MTC) group and the control group over time (model group × time interaction χ2 = 13.68, P < 0.001; χ2 = 192.39, P < 0.001;χ2 = 6.05, P = 0.014, respectively), however, no statistical significance in mMRC scores was found between the 2 groups over time (model group × time interaction χ2 = 3.54, P = 0.06). The baseline of FEV1%,6MWD, mMRC scores and CAT scores are significant covariates for lung function, exercise capacity, dyspnea symptom and health status, respectively (χ2 = 149.43, P < 0.001; χ2 = 5.78, P = 0.016; χ2 = 66.71, P < 0.001; χ2 = 81.83, P < 0.001, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: This modified 6-form Tai Chi routine is easy to grasp, easy to adhere to, safe to practice and effective to improve lung function, exercise capacity, health status and to prevent dyspnea symptom from getting worse for patients with COPD and it can be recommended as a suitable exercise therapy for them.

Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; Modification; Tai Chi

PMID: 30012390 DOI: 10.1016/j.ctim.2018.05.007