Yoga improves quality of life and fall risk-factors in a sample of people with chronic pain and Type 2 Diabetes.

Author: Schmid AA1, Atler KE2, Malcolm MP2, Grimm LA2, Klinedinst TC2, Marchant DR3, Marchant TP3, Portz JD4
1Colorado State University, Department of Occupational Therapy, Fort Collins, CO 80523, United States. Electronic address:
2Colorado State University, Department of Occupational Therapy, United States.
3UCHealth, Fort Collins Family Medicine Center Residency Program, United States.
4Colorado State University, School of Social Work, University of Colorado School of Medicine, United States.
Conference/Journal: Complement Ther Clin Pract.
Date published: 2018 Feb 15
Other: Pages: S1744-3881(17)30438-3 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2018.01.003. [Epub ahead of print] , Word Count: 152

OBJECTIVE: Assess pre to-post outcomes for people with chronic pain and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) randomized to an 8-week yoga intervention or usual care.

METHODS: Participants were included if they self-reported: chronic pain; T2DM; >18 years old; no exercise restrictions or consistent yoga; and consented to the study.

RESULTS: After yoga, there were significant improvements in: Brief Pain Inventory pain interference (49 ± 15.00 vs. 41.25 ± 19.46, p = .034); Fullerton Advanced Balance scale (14.2 ± 14.1 vs. 20.4 ± 13.5, p = .03); upper extremity strength (7.7 ± 6.3 vs.10.8 ± 6.5, p = .02); lower extremity strength (4.1 ± 3.8 vs. 6.7 ± 4.8, p = .02); and RAND 36-item Health Survey quality of life scores (81.1 ± 7.7 vs. 91.9 ± 8.9, p = .04). Balance scores became significantly worse during the 8 weeks for people randomized to the control (27.1 ± 9.9 vs. 21.7 ± 13.4, = p.01).

CONCLUSION: Data from this small RCT indicates yoga may be therapeutic and may improve multiple outcomes in this seemingly at-risk population.


Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS: Balance; Diabetes; Falls; Pain; Quality of life; Yoga

PMID: 29526474 DOI: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2018.01.003