Author: Zou L1, Yeung A2,3, Quan X4, Hui SS5, Hu X6, Chan JSM7, Wang C8, Boyden SD9, Sun L10, Wang H11
1Department of Sports Science and Physical Education, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong, China. firstname.lastname@example.org.
2Depression Clinical and Research Program, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard University, Boston, MA 02114, USA. email@example.com.
3The South Cove Community Health Center, Boston, MA 02111, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org.
4Department of Material Science and Engineering, Sichuan University-Pittsburgh Institute, Chengdu 610065 China. email@example.com.
5Department of Sports Science and Physical Education, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong, China. firstname.lastname@example.org.
6Department of Sports Science and Physical Education, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong, China. email@example.com.
7Department of Social Work and Social Administration, Centre on Behavioral Health, The University of Hong Kong, China. firstname.lastname@example.org.
8Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China. email@example.com.
9Depression Clinical and Research Program, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard University, Boston, MA 02114, USA. SBOYDEN@partners.org.
10School of Humanities and Social Science, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shenzhen 518172, China. firstname.lastname@example.org.
11Department of Physical Education, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200240, China. email@example.com.
Conference/Journal: Int J Environ Res Public Health.
Date published: 2018 Feb 12
Other: Volume ID: 15 , Issue ID: 2 , Special Notes: doi: 10.3390/ijerph15020321. , Word Count: 239
OBJECTIVES: we used a quantitative method to systematically synthesize the emerging literature and critically evaluate the effects of Baduanjin on depression and anxiety in people with physical or mental illnesses. Additionally, we determined if the number of total Baduanjin training sessions is associated with decreased anxiety and depression levels.
METHODS: both English and Chinese databases were searched for potential studies published between January 1982 and October 2017. The eligible randomized controlled trials were considered for meta-analysis. Effect size (Hedge's g) was computed for the pooled effects while the random-effect model was set. For moderator analysis; Subgroup meta-analysis for categorical variables and meta-regression for continuous variables were performed.
RESULTS: the aggregated result has shown a significant benefit in favour of Baduanjin on anxiety (Hedge's g = -0.99; CI -1.63 to -0.74) and depression (Hedge's g = -1.07; CI -1.3 to -0.83). For continuous potential moderators; meta-regression indicated a significant effect for total hours in Baduanjin practice (β = -0.0053; 95% CI -0.009 to -0.0014; p = 0.008). With regard to depression; meta-regression indicated a significant effect for total sessions of Baduanjin practice (β = -0.0023; 95% CI -0.006 to -0.0004; p = 0.028).
CONCLUSIONS: the encouraging findings indicate the efficacy of Baduanjin exercise in reducing depression and anxiety symptoms in people with physical or mental illnesses. However; the results should be interpreted with caution because of existing methodological limitations (e.g., high risk of bias; Baduanjin combined with other behavioral interventions; and heterogeneity of control groups).
KEYWORDS: Baduanjin; anxiety; depression; mindfulness
PMID: 29439556 DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15020321