The Effects of Family-Based Mindfulness Intervention on ADHD Symptomology in Young Children and Their Parents: A Randomized Control Trial.

Author: Lo HHM1, Wong SWL2, Wong JYH3, Yeung JWK4, Snel E5, Wong SYS6
11 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong.
22 The Education University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
33 The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
44 City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
55 The Academy of Mindful Teaching, Leusden, The Netherlands.
66 The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
Conference/Journal: J Atten Disord.
Date published: 2017 Nov 1
Other: Volume ID: 1087054717743330 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1177/1087054717743330. [Epub ahead of print] , Word Count: 145

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to investigate the feasibility of a family-based mindfulness intervention in improving children with inattention and hyperactivity symptoms.

METHOD: A total of 100 children aged 5 to 7 years with ADHD symptoms and their parents were randomly assigned to a family-based mindfulness intervention ( n = 50) or a wait-list control group ( n = 50).

RESULTS: Families from intervention group had greater improvements in children's ADHD symptoms, with medium effect sizes of -0.60 for inattention and -0.59 for hyperactivity; overall behaviors; and parenting stress and well-being than those in wait-list control group.

CONCLUSION: The positive results on the child primary outcome measures have provided initial evidence of the family-based mindfulness intervention as a treatment option to ADHD. The reduction of parental stress and increase in psychological well-being has demonstrated the value of mindfulness in enhancing parent's self-management.

KEYWORDS: ADHD; children; family; mindfulness; randomized controlled trial

PMID: 29185375 DOI: 10.1177/1087054717743330