Effects of Scaffold Microstructure and Low Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound on Chondrogenic Differentiation of Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells.

Author: Aliabouzar M1, Lee SJ1, Zhou X1, Zhang GL1, Sarkar K1
1Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, The George Washington University, Washington DC 20052.
Conference/Journal: Biotechnol Bioeng.
Date published: 2017 Oct 24
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.1002/bit.26480. [Epub ahead of print] , Word Count: 208

The effects of low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on proliferation and chondrogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) seeded on 3D printed poly-(ethylene glycol)-diacrylate (PEG-DA) scaffolds with varying pore geometries (square and hexagonal channels) were investigated. The scaffold with square pores resulted in higher hMSC growth and chondrogenic differentiation than a solid or a hexagonally porous scaffold. The optimal LIPUS parameters at 1.5 MHz were found to be 100 mW/cm2 and 20% duty cycle. LIPUS stimulation increased proliferation by up to 60% after 24 hours. For chondrogenesis, we evaluated key cartilage biomarkers abundant in cartilage tissue; glycosaminoglycan (GAG), type II collagen and total collagen. LIPUS stimulation enhanced GAG synthesis up to 16% and 11% for scaffolds with square and hexagonal patterns, respectively, after 2 weeks. Additionally, type II collagen production increased by 60% and 40% for the same patterns respectively under LIPUS stimulation after 3 weeks. These results suggest that LIPUS stimulation, which has already been approved by FDA for treatment of bone fracture, could be a highly efficient tool for tissue engineering in combination with 3D printing and hMSCs to regenerate damaged cartilage tissues. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS: 3D printing; LIPUS, tissue engineering; cartilage; chondrogenesis; ultrasound

PMID: 29064570 DOI: 10.1002/bit.26480