Author: Gloeckl R1, Jarosch I2, Bengsch U3, Claus M3, Schneeberger T4, Andrianopoulos V2, Christle JW5, Hitzl W6, Kenn K4
1Department of Respiratory Medicine & Pulmonary Rehabilitation, Schoen Klinik Berchtesgadener Land, Schoenau am Koenigssee, Germany; Department of Prevention, Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine, Klinikum Rechts der Isar, Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany. Electronic address: email@example.com.
2Department of Respiratory Medicine & Pulmonary Rehabilitation, Schoen Klinik Berchtesgadener Land, Schoenau am Koenigssee, Germany.
3Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Pulmonary Diseases, Philipps University of Marburg, Germany.
4Department of Respiratory Medicine & Pulmonary Rehabilitation, Schoen Klinik Berchtesgadener Land, Schoenau am Koenigssee, Germany; Philipps University of Marburg, Marburg, Germany.
5Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.
6Research Department (biostatistics), Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria.
Conference/Journal: Respir Med.
Date published: 2017 May
Other: Volume ID: 126 , Pages: 17-24 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1016/j.rmed.2017.03.014. Epub 2017 Mar 14. , Word Count: 225
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that whole-body vibration training (WBVT) improves exercise capacity in patients with severe COPD. The aim of this study was to investigate the determinants of improved exercise capacity following WBVT.
METHODS: Seventy-four COPD patients (FEV1: 34 ± 9%predicted) were recruited during a 3-week inpatient pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) program. Conventional endurance and strength exercises were supplemented with self-paced dynamic squat training sessions (4bouts*2min, 3times/wk). Patients were randomly allocated to either a WBVT-group performing squat training on a side-alternating vibration platform (Galileo) at a high intensity (24-26 Hz) or a control group performing squat training without WBVT.
RESULTS: Patients in the WBVT group significantly improved postural balance in several domains compared to the control-group (i.e. tandem stance: WBVT +20% (95%CI 14 to 26) vs. control -10% (95%CI 6 to 15), p < 0.001; one-leg stance: WBVT +11% (95%CI 4 to 19) vs. control -8% (95%CI -19 to 3), p = 0.009). Six-minute walk distance and muscle power but not muscle strength were also significantly improved compared to control group.
CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of WBVT improves postural balance performance and muscle power output. The neuromuscular adaptation related to improved balance performance may be an important mechanism of the improvement in exercise capacity after WBVT especially in COPD patients with impaired balance performance and low exercise capacity.
Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
KEYWORDS: Balance; COPD; Exercise; Muscle performance; Pulmonary rehabilitation; Whole-body vibration
PMID: 28427544 DOI: 10.1016/j.rmed.2017.03.014