The Effects of Music Therapy on Anxiety and Depression of Cancer Patients.

Author: Jasemi M1, Aazami S2, Zabihi RE1
1Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.
2Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.
Conference/Journal: Indian J Palliat Care.
Date published: 2016 Oct-Dec
Other: Volume ID: 22 , Issue ID: 4 , Pages: 455-458 , Word Count: 237

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cancer patients often suffer from anxiety and depression. Various methods are used to alleviate anxiety and depression, but most of them have side effects. Music therapy can be used as a noninvasive method to reduce anxiety and depression. This study aimed to examine the effect of music therapy on anxiety and depression in patients with cancer.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This quasi-experimental study was conducted attaching hospitals in Urmia city. A total number of sixty patients with depression and anxiety were recruited using random sampling method and divided into two groups of control and intervention. Patients in intervention group listened to light music at least 20 min per day for 3 days. The degree of patients' anxiety and depression was assessed by Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale at baseline and 3 days after music therapy. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 13 using t-test, Pearson, and ANOVA tests.

RESULTS: The results showed no significant differences between demographic variable of intervention and control groups. Our findings indicated a significant decrease in the level of depression and anxiety among intervention group. There were significant relationships between anxiety, depression, and sex (P < 0.001, r = 0.42) as well as education (P = 0.003, r = 0.37).

CONCLUSION: This study revealed positive effects of music therapy on decreasing level of depression and anxiety in patients with cancer. Therefore, it is recommended to include music therapy in the nursing care.

KEYWORDS: Anxiety; Cancer; Depression; Music

PMID: 27803568 PMCID: PMC5072238 DOI: 10.4103/0973-1075.191823