The Effect of Mindfulness-integrated Cognitive Behavior Therapy on Depression and Anxiety among Pregnant Women: a Randomized Clinical Trial.

Author: Yazdanimehr R1, Omidi A1, Sadat Z2, Akbari H3
1Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.
2Trauma Nursing Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.
3Department of Biostatistics and Public Health, Faculty of Health, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.
Conference/Journal: J Caring Sci.
Date published: 2016 Sep 1
Other: Volume ID: 5 , Issue ID: 3 , Pages: 195-204 , Word Count: 186

Introduction: Pregnancy can be associated with different psychological problems such as depression and anxiety. These problems are often neglected and left untreated. This study aimed to examine the effect of mindfulness-integrated cognitive behavior therapy on depression and anxiety among pregnant women. Methods: A convenient sample of 80 pregnant women were selected. Participants were randomly allocated to either the experimental or the control groups. Participants in the experimental group received mindfulness-integrated cognitive behavior therapy while women in the control group only received routine prenatal care services. A demographic questionnaire, the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, and the Beck Anxiety Inventory were used for data collection. Descriptive statistics measures such as frequency, mean, and standard deviation as well as the repeated-measures analysis of variance test were used for data analysis. Results: After the study intervention, the mean scores of anxiety and depression in the experimental group were significantly lower than the control group. Conclusion: Mindfulness-integrated cognitive behavior therapy can significantly alleviate pregnant women's depression and anxiety. So implementation of this method alongside with other prenatal care services is recommended.

KEYWORDS: Anxiety; Cognitive behavior therapy; Depression; Pregnant women

PMID: 27752485 DOI: 10.15171/jcs.2016.021